Tag Archives: chicks

Raising Chickens For Sustainable Living

“I believe in the power of probiotics for my chickens health. No farm should be without these products.

Owner Blue Star Ranch 

Mary Ann Fordyce

There has been an “eggsplosion” of late in the poultry industry for backyard chicken owners, pet enthusiasts, small farmers as well as now sustainable poultry farming has increased in all areas of the country. Here at Blue Star Ranch, I strive in everyday teaching customers, readers and even just stray callers to our location the proper care of poultry.  

The sustainable growing and harvesting of poultry for both eggs and meat is on the rise just about everywhere, country, suburbs and sometimes city dwellers too. If you have ever raised meat poultry verses egg layers, then you know how very different these birds can be. Meat and egg poultry birds vary greatly, there are a few sustainable breeds that are both “duel purpose” and quality at that.

When processing meat birds its always a good idea to have concrete plans before harvest day. If egg layers are more your style, its a good idea to have a replacement plan for your chickens and replace (harvest and hatch or otherwise) 1/3 of your flock each six to twelve months to assure you a constant supply of eggs. Do not overlook the fact that eggs and meat are MONEY! Learn how to barter with your bounty. You will come out the better on each deal, almost every time you exchange eggs or meat for product or services. YOU are in demand. Don’t forget about that.

Raising chickens does not have to be intimidating, and most people new to chickens really just want to have a regular supply of fresh eggs and or meat, and sometimes pets too. When someone calls me and says they want to start a pen of chickens, the first thing I ask if is this thier first attempt at raising poultry. If it is, then I try to gather as many details from the person to determine the level of interest and knowledge in poultry. Some folks tell me “my grandparents had chickens when I was a kid, so I think I can handle it…”

(yikes! shudder and cringe!!!!) I know these people are in for a tough time of raising chickens based on what they learned from their grandparents farm collecting eggs as a child…which makes them qualified to raise chickens today and relying only on those childhood memories. But this is how people learn I suppose.

What have I learned from MY repeated mistakes over the years? What are the biggest obstacles I faced when raising flocks of chickens: I have narrowed all of my problems into two main types:

1) Predators (bacteria and varmints)

2) Weather (bacteria and wind, rain, heat, cold & sudden temperature changes

Hmmmmm lets think what do these two problems have in common? Bacteria. I have found that when the temperature’s drop or rise more than 40 degrees in a 24 hour period. (this is almost common in Texas!) that the bacteria in the soil will begin to breed and spread like wildfire. Causing illness, slow growth or even death to your flocks. This is why I use natural and organic probiotics and have a regular regimen in dispensing to the flocks. In fact, I CAN”T raise chickens effective without it.

Moreover Its very important to have a goal when starting a chicken pen. Make a plan for yourself and family, set goals… don’t just “wing it!” To just build a coop and put chickens in may result in failure.

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Raising chickens is not as easy as it looks. But having a pen of chickens does not have to be  hard either… its all about balance.  Don’t believe everything you read or hear. Poultry owners from chicken “clubs” forums or poultry meetups may not really be your friends.. although they all do have a common interest in raising poultry and the enjoyment. they mean well…. but are they giving you the correct advice? Shopping to swap or buy chickens is ASKING to spread diseases in your coop! Mixing flocks from several chicken swap clubs is NOT a good idea…

(the “b word folks” bacteria!)

What I have learned in raising chickens is that… there is ALWAYS more to learn. No one knows it all. Experience is the best teacher. So is ADMITTING your mistakes.

If along the way while raising chickens you determine what you are doing is not working, make a chart of your activities in and around your coop. This easy chart can be of help, please share it!  

If you are more adventuresome and want to build your “nest egg” and start a business. PLEASE start here first.  I’ll be happy to share my knowledge to help you start a sustainable meat or egg farm. What have I learned? Preventing mistakes is much easier than making mistakes and correcting it later.

To all the readers: happy clucking and I’ll write again soon!

Safely Raising New Baby Chicks In Large Volume

Spring time comes real early for chicken farms… So deep in winter…. When people are warm and snug in their homes not even THINKING about chickens, most farmers are planning ahead on next years spring sellers. I’m no “eggsception” to that rule.

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When raising chicks in volume (600 to 800 or more per batch) some companies raise in the THOUSANDS. Depending on season and what is projected we have a large number of chicks in brooder at any time. It can take 8 weeks to get a baby egg laying breed into the juvenile sized of pullets ready for outdoors. (depending on weather) So to be ready for spring, this process must be started at the end of fall or in the cold of winter.

What have I learned about raising many baby chicks at once? 1st.. its not easy, its frustrating to get everything “just right” and irritating to have the “acceptable” losses of 2% to 3% losses per batch of young chicks up until the first week. Many chicks cannot process feed or water upon hatching and will die about 3/5 days from hatching. its just the law of large numbers and good old Mother Nature. Not all animals are born perfect. Sad but true.

Heat, heat and more heat and lots of it… this is what makes winter and fall chicks so difficult to raise. Adding hay, lights and HEATERS plus ventilation to keep the brooder room at 85 to 95 degrees is difficult to say the least with temperature drops. Texas weather can change from 85 degrees in the day to 28 at night…. so no amount of preparation is always perfect in these instances.

Lets talk about “poop mat” the poop that builds up in the brooder room over several days must be cleaned and removed properly. What is poop mat? its not only chick poop.. but its also includes “biofilm” of trillions of bacteria where germs live and thrive in the warm moist droppings. This is why its so important to have the proper bacterial growth on the area where baby chicks walk and eat.

See Our Organic Probiotic Healthy Farm Practices Video

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Since I have used Chrisal probiotics in my chicken production. in ALL areas of production, I have noticed much lower losses, no odor and the chickens are bursting in health and vigor. All ages. The best way to raise chickens is in the healthy and safe way. natural organic probiotics have ensured Blue Star Ranch batch after batch of the healthiest chickens anywhere in Texas. But its important to continue safe health practices and KEEP your chickens in the best environment possible.

Baby chick mortality… again this happens in large batches from chicks pecking at each other, squishing and pressing together. Even with ample room, sometimes chickens get into a “swarm” and baby chicks can smother each other. ( a real aggravating loss! ggrrrr…) So again back to the proper temperature too. So if I find a section of room (usually if lights are close together) chicks “swarm” in these areas. I shut down a heat lamp and or add plastic buckets to that area to disperse the crowd of chicks.

If you think of raising chicks in large batches, please make out yourself a diagram of where your light and heat sources are coming from. Then start with a “test batch” of 25 chicks.. make sure your room and all light and heat sources are in order. DON’T make your first batch a huge batch…. start slow and add a few more each season. its not as easy as it looks.

Be sure to contact Blue Star Ranch if you have any questions. See you all next time.